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Author names should include a forename and a surname. Forenames cannot include only initials.
The affiliation should ideally include ‘Department, Institution, City, Country’, however only the Institution and Country are mandatory.
Research articles must have the main text prefaced by an abstract of no more than 250 words summarising the main arguments and conclusions of the article. This must have the heading ‘Abstract’ and be easily identified from the start of the main text.
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Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Where applicable, studies must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee and the authors should include a statement within the article text detailing this approval, including the name of the ethics committee and reference number of the approval. The identity of the research subject(s) should be anonymised whenever possible. For research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study must be obtained from participants (or their legal guardian).
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All references cited within the submission must be listed at the end of the main text file.
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Capitalise all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs and subordinate conjunctions (i.e. as, because, although). Use lowercase for all articles, coordinate conjunctions and prepositions.
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Headings should be under 75 characters.
Submissions must be made in English. Authors are welcome to use American or British spellings as long as they are used consistently throughout the whole of the submission.
When referring to proper nouns and normal institutional titles, the official, original spelling must be used.
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Use double quotation marks except for quotes within another speech, in which case single quotation marks are used.
Commas and full stops should be included within quotation marks.
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The standard, non-italicised font must be used for all quotes.
It must be clear from the text and/or citation where the quote is sourced. If quoting from material that is under copyright then permission will need to be obtained from the copyright holder.
Acronyms & Abbreviations
With abbreviations, the crucial goal is to ensure that the reader – particularly one who may not be fully familiar with the topic or context being addressed – is able to follow along. Spell out almost all acronyms on first use, indicating the acronym in parentheses immediately thereafter. Use the acronym for all subsequent references.
A number of abbreviations are so common that they do not require the full text on the first instance. Examples of these can be found here.
Abbreviations should usually be in capital letters without full stops.
Common examples from Latin origin do not follow this rule and should be lower case and can include full stops.
Use of footnotes/endnotes
Notes should appear as footnotes, numbered with Arabic numerals. (There is no need for a bibliography or list of works cited.) Use footnotes rather than endnotes. These will appear at the foot of each page.
Notes should be used for purposes of referencing, and where helpful clarifying information needs to be conveyed.
Citations should as a general rule conform to the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edn (2010). Avoid “ibid.” and “op. cit.” if possible. Parenthetical citations for texts referred to frequently can be helpful.
Please insert the footnote marker after the end punctuation.
Additional style guide
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All singular nouns should form possessives with an apostrophe and an s: Marx’s, Descartes’s, Jesus’s, Euripides’s.
Interpolations should be framed by square brackets, as should ellipses used to indicate that text has been omitted: “April is the cruellest month, […] mixing / Memory and desire.”
Symbols are permitted within the main text as long as they are commonly in use or have explanatory definition on their first usage.
Hyphenation, em and en dashes
There is no set rule on the use of hyphenation between words, as long as they are consistently used.
Em dashes should be used sparingly. If they are present, they should denote emphasis, change of thought or interruption to the main sentence and can replace commas, parentheses, colons or semicolons.
En dashes can be used to replace ‘to’ when indicating a range. No space should surround the dash.
For numbers zero to nine please spell the whole words. Please use figures for numbers 10 or higher.
We are happy for authors to use either words or figures to represent large whole figures (i.e. one million or 1,000,000) as long as the usage is consistent throughout the text.
If the sentence includes a series of numbers then figures must be used in each instance.
If the number appears as part of a dataset, in conjunction with a symbol or as part of a table then the figure must be used.
If a sentence starts with a number it must be spelt, or the sentence should be re-written so that it no longer starts with the number.
Do not use a comma for a decimal place.
Numbers that are less than zero must have ‘0’ precede the decimal point.
Units of measurement
Symbols following a figure to denote a unit of measurement must be taken from the latest SI brochure. See http://www.bipm.org/utils/common/pdf/si_brochure_8_en.pdf for the full brochure.
Formulae must be proofed carefully by the author. Editors will not edit formulae. If special software has been used to create formulae, the way it is laid out is the way they will appear in the publication.
Figures, including graphs and diagrams, must be professionally and clearly presented. If a figure is not easy to understand or does not appear to be of a suitable quality, the editor may ask to re-render or omit it.
All figures must be cited within the main text, in consecutive order using Arabic numerals (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.).
Each figure must have an accompanying descriptive main title. This should clearly and concisely summarise the content and/or use of the figure image. A short additional figure legend is optional to offer a further description.
Figure titles and legends should be placed within the text document, either after the paragraph of their first citation, or as a list after the references.
The source of the image should be included, along with any relevant copyright information and a statement of authorisation (if needed).
If your figure file includes text then please present the font as Ariel, Helvetica, or Verdana. This will mean that it matches the typeset text.
NOTE: All figures must be uploaded separately as supplementary files during the submission process, if possible in colour and at a resolution of at least 300dpi. Each file should not be more than 20MB. Standard formats accepted are: JPG, TIFF, GIF, PNG, EPS. For line drawings, please provide the original vector file (e.g. .ai, or .eps).
Tables must be created using a word processor's table function, not tabbed text.
Tables should be included in the manuscript. The final layout will place the tables as close to their first citation as possible.
All tables must be cited within the main text, numbered with Arabic numerals in consecutive order (e.g. Table 1, Table 2, etc.).
Each table must have an accompanying descriptive title. This should clearly and concisely summarise the content and/or use of the table. A short additional table legend is optional to offer a further description of the table. The table title and legend should be placed underneath the table.
Tables should not include:
NOTE: If there are more columns than can fit on a single page, then the table will be placed horizontally on the page. If it still can't fit horizontally on a page, the table will be broken into two.
This journal follows the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edn (2010).
If a book is available in more than one format (i.e. print, eBook), cite the version you consulted.
Subsequent note entry
Book: Single Author
11. Richard Read, Art and its Discontents: The Early Life of Adrian Stokes (Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2002), 65.
25. Read, Art and its Discontents, 70.
Read, Richard. Art and its Discontents: The Early Life of Adrian Stokes. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2002.
Book: Two or three authors
8. Philip D. Goldswain, Hannah Lewi and Emma Williamson, Visualising the Architecture of Federation (Perth, WA: Curtin University of Technology and The National Council for the Centenary of Federation, 2001), 83.
*Authors are listed in the same order used on the title page for both the note and the bibliography.
12. Goldswain, Lewi and Williamson, Visualising the Architecture of Federation, 88.
Goldswain, Philip D., Hannah Lewi, and Emma Williamson. Visualising the Architecture of Federation. Perth, WA: Curtin University of Technology and The National Council for the Centenary of Federation, 2001.
* In the bibliography only the first author's name is inverted and a comma must appear before and after the first author's given name or initial
Book: Four or more authors
11. Christopher Vernon et al., The Griffin Legacy: Canberra, the Nation's Capital in the 21st Century (Canberra, ACT: National Capital Authority, 2004), 32.
*In the note, list only the first author, followed by et al. ("and others")
20. Vernon et al., The Griffin Legacy, 41.
Vernon, C., S. MacKenzie, I. Wood-Bradley, and D. Headon. The Griffin Legacy: Canberra, the Nation's Capital in the 21st Century. Canberra, ACT: National Capital Authority, 2004.
*Up to ten authors, list all the authors in the bibliography. If more than ten, list the first seven authors followed by 'et al.'.
Book: Two authors (eds) or more with same family name
1. Christopher Kendris and Theodore Kendris, 501 Spanish Verbs, 7th ed. (Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s Educational Series, 2010), 14.
4. Kendris and Kendris, 501 Spanish Verbs, 27–28.
Kendris, Christopher, and Theodore Kendris, 501 Spanish Verbs, 7th ed. (Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s Educational Series, 2010).
Book: multi-volume works
1. Muriel St. Clare Byrne, ed., The Lisle Letters (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981), 4:243.
*The volume cited and page number are separated by a colon. In the short form the volume number does not need to be repeated.
For more examples go to the Chicago Manual of Style Online: Chapter 14. section 116 to 122.
Muriel St. Clare Byrne, ed., The Lisle Letters, 255.
Byrne, Muriel St. Clare, ed. The Lisle Letters. 6 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1981
Book: No author
4. Stanze in lode della donna brutta (Florence, 1547), 13.
More examples: Chicago Manual of Style Online chapter 14 section 79,
7. Stanze in lode della donna, 14.
|Stanze in lode della donna brutta. Florence, 1547.|
Book: Editor, translator or compiler
2. Philip D. Goldswain and William Taylor eds., An everyday Transience: The Urban Imaginary of Goldfields Photographer John Joseph Dwyer (Perth, WA: UWA Publishing, 2010), 10.
11. Goldswain and Taylor, eds., An Everyday Transience, 7.
Goldswain, Philip D and William Taylor, eds. An Everyday Transience: The Urban Imaginary of Goldfields Photographer John Joseph Dwyer. Perth, WA: UWA Publishing, 2010.
Book: Editor, translator or compiler in addition to author
12. Heinz Rasch, Some Roots of Modern Architecture, trans. and ed. George Jelinek and Joan Jelinek (London: Tiranti, 1967), 20.
18. Heinz Rasch, Some Roots of Modern Architecture, 22.
Rasch, Heinz. Some Roots of Modern Architecture. Translated and edited by George Jelinek and Joan Jelinek. London: Tiranti, 1967.
Book: Author's name appears in title
9. Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, ed. John Bigelow (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1868), 233.
13. Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, 234.
Franklin, Benjamin. Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin. Edited by John Bigelow. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1868.
Book: Corporate or Organisation as author
8. Gehl Architects, Perth 2009 : Public Spaces and Public Life (Perth, WA: Department of Planning and Urban Development, 1994), 105.
12. Gehl Architects, Perth 2009, 107.
Gehl Architects. Perth 2009: Public Spaces and Public Life. Perth, WA: Department of Planning and Urban Developments, 1994.
Book: Government publication
5. Western Australian Department of Planning and Urban Development, Metropolitan Centres: Policy Statement for the Perth Metropolitan Region (Perth, W.A.: Department of Planning and Urban Development, 1991) 21.
9. Western Australian Department of Planning and Urban Development, Metropolitan Centres, 22.
Western Australian Department of Planning and Urban Development. Metropolitan Centres: Policy Statement for the Perth Metropolitan Region. Perth, W.A.: Department of Planning and Urban Development, 1991.
Book: Chapter or part of a book
3. Christopher Vernon and George Seddon, "Hacket and Annear: Laying the Foundations, "in A Landscape for Learning: A History of the Grounds of The University of Western Australia, ed. George Seddon and Gillian Lilleyman (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 2006), 32-33.
6. Vernon and Seddon, "Hackett and Annear, "34.
Vernon, Christopher, and George Seddon. "Hackett and Annear: Laying the Foundations." In A Landscape for Learning: A History of the Grounds of The University of Western Australia, edited by George Seddon and Gillian Lilleyman, 30-35. Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 2006.
Book: Edition other than first
1. Quentin Beresford and Gary Partingon, Reform and resistance in aboriginal education: the Australian experience, rev.ed. (Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 2012), 55.
5. Beresford and Partington, Reform and Resistance, 57.
Beresford, Quentin, and Gary Partington. Reform and Resistance in Aboriginal Education: The Australian Experience. Rev. ed. Perth: University of Western Australia Press, 2012.
Book: Reprint editions
2. Albert Schweitzer, J. S. Bach. Translated by Ernest Newman. 2 vols. (1911. Reprint, New York: Dover, 1966), 53.
More examples about reprint and modern editions: Chicago Manual of Style Online chapter 14 section 114.
4. Schweizer, J. S. Bach, 67.
Schweitzer, Albert. J. S. Bach. Translated by Ernest Newman. 2 vols. 1911. Reprint, New York: Dover, 1966.
1. Simon Unwin, Analysing Architecture (Hoboken: Taylor and Francis, 2009), http://uwa.eblib.com.au.ezproxy.edu.au/patron/ FullRecord.aspx?p=369114.
*For eBooks consulted online, list a URL; include an access date only if one is required by your discipline. If no fixed page numbers are available, you can include a section title or a chapter or other number. See example below
3. Unwin, Analysing Architecture, 22.
Unwin, Simon. Analysing Architecture. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis, 2009. http://uwa.eblib.com.auezproxy.library.uwa.edu.au/patron/ FullRecord. aspx?p+369114.
eBook Chapter no page numbers
1. Mark Evan Bonds, Absolute Music: The History of an Idea (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), chap. 3, https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199343638.003.0004
* In the notes, the URLs are based on the DOIs for the chapters rather than the DOI for the work as a whole (as in the bibliography entry) See: Chicago Manual of Style Online chapter 14 section 161.
4. Bonds, "Absolute Music".
Bonds, Mark Evan. Absolute Music: The History of an Idea. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199343638.001.0001
Dictionary / Encyclopaedia entry (print)
1. New Grove Dictionary of Opera, s.v. “Rake’s Progress, The” by Richard Taruskin.
New Grove Dictionary of Opera, s.v. “Rake’s Progress, The” by Richard Taruskin.
*“Well-known reference books, such as major dictionaries and encyclopedias, are normally cited in notes rather than in bibliographies. The facts of publication are often omitted, but the edition (if not the first) must be specified. References to an alphabetically arranged work cite the item (not the volume or page number) preceded by s.v. (sub verbo, “under the word”; pl. s.vv.)”
(Taken from The Chicago Manual of Style Online, Chapter 14, Section 232.)
Dictionary / Encyclopaedia entry (online)
1. New Grove Dictionary of Opera, s.v. “Rake’s Progress, The” by Richard Taruskin, accessed March 21, 2017, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com.
New Grove Dictionary of Opera, s.v. “Rake’s Progress, The” by Richard Taruskin. Accessed March 21, 2017. http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com.
*See The Chicago Manual of Style Online, Chapter 14, Section 232.
Dictionary / Encyclopaedia (print) for substantial, authored entry
1. Robert Winter, Maurice Brown and Eric Sams, “Schubert, Franz,” in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie and John Tyrell (London: MacMillan, 2001), 22:656.
Winter, Robert, Maurice Brown and Eric Sams. “Schubert, Franz.” In The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrell, vol. 22: 655-729. London: MacMillan, 2001.
*See The Chicago Manual of Style Online, Chapter 14, Section 232
Dictionary/Encyclopaedia entry (online) for substantial, authored entry
1. Robert Winter, Maurice Brown and Eric Sams, “Schubert, Franz,” in Grove Music Online (Oxford University Press), accessed March 21, 2017, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com.ezproxy.library.uwa.edu.au/ subscriber/article/grove/music/25109.
Winter, Robert, Maurice Brown and Eric Sams. “Schubert, Franz.” In Grove Music Online. Oxford University Press. Accessed March 21, 2017. http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com.ezproxy.library.uwa.edu.au/ subscriber/article/grove/music/25109.
*See The Chicago Manual of Style Online, Chapter 14, Section 234.
Journal Article in print
12. Philip Goldswain, "State Theatre Centre," Architecture Australia 100, no. 2 (2011): 54.
If the page numbering for a journal is not continuous throughout a single volume, the short form should include the issue number in addition to the volume number. See Chicago Manual of Style Online chapter 14 section 185.
Journal article online (with a DOI)
19. Aimee Walshaw, "Accommodating Poverty: The Housing and Living Arrangements of the English Poor, C. 1600-1850," Housing Studies 27, no. 5 (2012): 726.
Journal article online (with a URL and access date*)
5. Richard Read, "Vico, Virginia Woolf and Adrian Stoke's Autobiographies: Fantasy, Providence and Isolation in Post-War British Aesthetics," Art History 35, no. 4 (2012): 779, accessed September 5, 2013, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db= aph&AN=78361910&site=ehost-live.
*Access dates are not usually required for journal articles unless no date of publication or revision can be determined from the source. However, some publishers or unit coordinators require an access date to be added, in which case, the access date should immediately precede the URL or DOI.
Journal article online (from a database, no DOI or stable URL)
7. Simon Anderson, "Perth Arena," Architecture Australia 102, no.5 (2013): 35, Academic Search Premier.
*Include the name of the database or URL of journal article web page
Article from print newspaper
2. John Miles, “Crime Rate on the Rise in the Suburbs,” West Australian, Sept 23, 2016.
More information in The Chicago Manual of Style Online, Chapter 14, Section 191 -200.)
See also "Published interview" example in Personal Communications below.
Newspaper article online or from a database
1. Troy Bramston, "Oldest ANZAC Cove Memorial Returns," The Australian, Sept 10, 2014, https://global-factiva-com.ezproxy.library.uwa.edu.au/ha/default.aspx#./!?&_suid=150908938792205600957033914544
Subsequent Note Entry
15. Keith Schneider, “Salt Lake City is Finding a Payoff in Conservation,” New York Times, November 7, 2007, accessed June 13, 2016, http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/07/business/ businessspecial3/07cities.htm.
* Include a publication date or modification as well as an access date. If no publication date or modification date can be determined include access date.
Schneider, Keith. “Salt Lake City is Finding a Payoff in Conservation.” New York Times, November 7, 2007. Accessed June 13, 2016. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/07/business/ businessspecial3/07cities.htm.
Webpage: No Author
8. "History of the Library and collections," Royal British Association of Architects, accessed April 4, 2013, http://www.architecture.com./LibraryDrawings AndPhotographs/RIBALibrary/History.aspx.
16. Royal British Association of Architects, "History of the Library and collections."
Royal British Association of Architects. "History of the Library and collections." Accessed April 4, 2013. http:www.architecture.com/Library DrawingsAndPhotographs/RIBALibrary/History.aspx.
Webpage: No Date
12. "Weaver Hawkins," Design & Art Australia Online, last modified April 4, 2013,
17. Design & Art Australia Online, "Weaver Hawkins."
Design & Art Australia Online. "Weaver Hawkins." Last modified April 4, 2013.
4. Tamara Winikoff, "Visual artists' fees: what is the status of artists in Australia?," The NAVA Blog, November 9, 2013,
* Add the word blog in brackets after the name of the blog (unless the word blog is part of the name)
Winikoff, "Visual artists' fees."
Winikoff, Tamara. "Visual artists' fees: what is the status of artists in Australia?" The NAVA Blog. November 9, 2013.
3. Tony Abbott's Facebook page, accessed July 25, 2013,
24. Abbott, Facebook page.
Tony Abbott's Facebook page. Accessed July 25, 2013. https://www.
1. Junot Díaz, “Always surprises my students when I tell them that the ‘real’ medieval was more diverse than the fake ones most of us consume,” Facebook, February 24, 2016, https://www.facebook.com/junotdiaz.writer/posts/972495572815454.
13. Díaz, Facebook post.
Díaz, Junot. “Always surprises my students when I tell them that the ‘real’ medieval was more diverse than the fake ones most of us consume,” Facebook, February 24, 2016, https://www.facebook.com/junotdiaz.writer/posts/972495572815454.
32. UWA news, Twitter page, accessed September 14, 2011, https://twitter.com/uwanews.
34. UWA news, Twitter page.
UWA news Twitter page. Accessed September 14, 2011.
Twitter post ('tweet')
2. Conan O’Brien (@ConanOBrien), “In honor of Earth Day, I’m recycling my tweets,” Twitter, April 22, 2015, 11:10 a.m., https://twitter.com/ConanOBrien/status/590940792967016448.
15. O'Brien, Twitter post.
O'Brien, Conan (@ConanOBrien). “In honor of Earth Day, I’m recycling my tweets,” Twitter, April 22, 2015, 11:10 a.m., https://twitter.com/ConanOBrien/status/590940792967016448.
Online video (YouTube)
32. “Horowitz TV Interview 1977,” filmed March 1977, YouTube Video, 14:58, posted by “goodmanmusica,” August 2010, http://youtu.be/eZm7OW3ufbc.
“Horowitz TV Interview 1977.” Filmed March 1977. YouTube Video, 14:58. Posted by “goodmanmusica,” August 2010. http://youtu.be/eZm7OW3ufbc.
You can put the information in a caption near the image or in a footnote. (Images are not usually listed in a bibliography).
5. Georgia O'Keeffe, The Cliff Chimney, 1938, Milwaukee Art Museum, in Barbara Buhler Lynes, Lesley Poling-Kempes, and Frederick W. Turner, Georgia O'Keeffe and New Mexico: A sense of place (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004), 25.
6. Georgia O’Keeffe, The Cliff Chimney, 1938, oil on canvas, 36 x 30", Milwaukee Art Museum, accessed August 10, 2016, https://gokmrc.wordpress.com/2014/09/22/ a-hike-at-ghost-ranch/.
1. Reid Ewing and Otto Clemente, Measuring urban design: Metrics for livable places (Washington: Island Press, 2013), 65, table 4.1.
Conference Proceeding Paper: Print
12. Philip D. Goldswain, "Prospecting: photography and the manufactured landscapes of Kalgoorlie," in XX111 Annual Conference of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand, ed. Terrance McMinn, John Stephens, and Steve Basson (Fremantle, WA: Society of Architectural Historians Australia & New Zealand, 2006), 173-177.
Conference Proceeding Paper: Electronic
19. Philip H. Bay, "Social and environmental dimensions in ecologically sustainable design: towards a methodology of ranking levels of social interactions in semi-open and open spaces in dense residential environments in Singapore," in Subtropical Cities 2011: Subtropical Urbanism Beyond Climate Change, (Florida: Florida Atlantic, 2011), 162-176, accessed September 19, 2017,http://www.subtropicalcitites2011.com/pdf2/162%20Bay.pdf.
1. Tom Gibbons, Tom Gibbons: 1998 LWAG and Artplace expos, directed by Miriam Stannage (Perth, WA: Mirian Stannage, 1998), DVD.
Sound recording (composer emphasis)
1. Igor Stravinsky, Symphony of Psalms; Mass; Canticum Sacrum, with Westminster Cathedral Choir and City of London Sinfonia, conducted by James O’Donnel, recorded June 18-20, November 29, 1990, Hyperion CDA66437, 1991, compact disc.
Sound recording (performer emphasis)
1. Sara Macliver (soprano) and Sally-Anne Russell (mezzo-soprano), with Orchestra of the Antipodes and Antony Walker (conductor), Baroque Duets, ABC Classics 476 7737, 2005, compact disc.
Track from a sound recording
1. Miles Davis, “So What,” on Kind of Blue, Columbia CK 64935, 1997, compact disc.
Sound recording (online)
1. Johannes Brahms, Clarinet Sonatas, Kalman Berkes (clarinet) and Jeno Jando (piano), Naxos 8.553121, streaming audio, http://uwa.naxosmusiclibrary.com.ezproxy.library.uwa.edu.au/ catalogue/item.asp?cid=8.553121.
Liner notes from a sound recording
1. Igor Stravinsky, Symphony of Psalms; Mass; Canticum Sacrum, with Westminster Cathedral Choir and City of London Sinfonia, conducted by James O’Donnel, recorded June 18-20, November 29, 1990, Hyperion CDA66437, 1991, compact disc, Liner notes by Ivan Moody.
Music Scores (print)
15. Aaron Copland, Concerto, Clarinet and String Orchestra (with Harp and Piano), Reduction for Clarinet and Piano (New York: Boosey & Hawkes, 1950), 10.
Music Scores (online)
15. Johannes Brahms, Clarinet Sonata No.1 in F Minor, Op. 120, No.1, ed. Hans Gál (Germany: Breitkopf and Härtel, 1895), 3. https://search.alexanderstreet.com.ezproxy.library.uwa.edu.au/view/ work/bibliographic_entity|score_movement|464771.
Music Scores (unpublished manuscript)
15. Johann Sebastian Bach, "Was mir behagt, ist nur die muntre Jagd!", BWV 208, ca. 1720-1739, D-B Mus. ms. Bach P 42, Faszikel 3, Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, last modified 22 August 2017, https://www.bach-digital.de/receive/BachDigitalSource_source_00000866.
15. Nigel Westbrook, "Le Corbusier and Modern Architecture" (lecture, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, April 18, 2007).
Thesis: Unpublished in print
5. John J. Taylor, "Joseph John Talbot Hobbs (1864-1938): and his Australian-English architecture" (Ph. D., University of Western Australia, 2009), 34-35.
Thesis: Unpublished electronic copy
10. Annette Nina Condello, "Luxury and architecture : from ancient Sybaris to the early twentieth century" (Ph.D., University of Western Australia, 2009), 25,
11. Joe Bloggs, “Architecture today”, e-mail to author, September 20, 2015.
16. Pauline Smith, e-mail message to author, December 8, 2014.
Interview: by Author
12. Janet Andrews (principal adviser, Invest Architects), in discussion with the author, July 2013.
8. Donald E. Felsinger, “Turning Energy Uncertainty into Opportunity,” interviewed by Clifford Krauss. New York Times, May 3, 2008, late edition, sec. C.
"An interview that has been published or broadcast or made available online can usually be treated like an article or other item in a periodical. Interviews consulted online should include a URL or similar identifier."
See The Chicago Manual of Style Online, Chapter 14, Section 213.
Citing a secondary source is generally discouraged, since authors are expected to have examined the works they cite. If an original source is unavailable both the original and the secondary source must be listed in the footnote,but only the original should appear in the bibliography.
Louis Zukofsky, "Sincerity and Objectification," Poetry 37 (February 1931): 277, quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981), 78
Using short form of citations and ibid.
Subsequent citations already given in full should be shortened in footnotes whenever possible. The short form should include enough information to remind the reader of the full title or to lead them to appropriate entry in the bibliography.
e.g. 2. Fabio Schillaci, Architectural Renderings: construction and design manual (Chichester: West Sussex: Wiley, 2010), 120. (First time cited in footnotes).
3. Schillaci, Architectural renderings, 251.
4. Schillaci, 257.
5. Richard Read, Art and its Discontents: The Early Life of Adrian Stokes (Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2002), 65.
6. Schillaci, Architectural renderings, 258.
In previous editions of the manual (16th edition and earlier) the abbreviation ibid. (abbreviated from the Latin "ibidem" which means "in the same place") was used to cite the same source and page number(s) from a single source two or more times consecutively. If you use the same source but a different page number, the corresponding note uses ibid followed by a comma and the new page number(s).
The 17th edition discourages the use of Ibid in favour of shortened citations.
e.g. 6. Fabio Schillaci, Architectural Renderings: construction and design manual (Chichester: West Sussex: Wiley, 2010), 120. (First time cited in footnotes).
7. Schillaci, Architectural renderings, 251.
8. Ibid., 271-273.
10. Ibid., 450.
11. Richard Read, Art and its Discontents: The Early Life of Adrian Stokes (Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2002), 65.
12. Schillaci, Architectural renderings, 277.
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